Installing, Securing WordPress and First Steps

What is WordPress?

WordPress is a free content management system (CMS) that powers more than quarter of the internet.

It can scale with your business when you're ready to grow and is easy to learn with many free and low-cost tutorials for beginners. No matter your level of knowledge, there is a WordPress tutorial to help you create, update, and fix your site.

What is a theme?

A WordPress theme changes the way your site looks and affects the style of the content displayed on it. WordPress themes are built so you can change your site's design without losing content.

There are themes out there that can lock you into their ecosystem, unfortunately. But we play nice and Björk is not one of them :)

What is a plugin?

A WordPress plugin adds additional functionality to your site. There are many plugins available for free in the plugin directory, along with many premium ones out there to address nearly every site need, from eCommerce to email marketing to user registration.

You can check the recommended plugins in the appropriate section of this documentation.

Installing WordPress

You can run WordPress locally on your computer, or install and use it on your web hosting account (what kind of web hosting should you use?).

Björk requires WordPress version 5.2 to work properly.

Securing WordPress

You can improve your WordPress installation security taking these steps:

  • Set the Authentication Unique Keys and Salts in wp-config.php file.
  • Do not use admin as user name and set strong passwords!
  • After installation is done, remove wp-admin/install.php file.
  • Keep backups of the database and WordPress files.
  • Keep your WordPress installation, plugins and themes up to date!
  • You can further strengthen the security of your site by using a specialized plugins and services.

Theme Installation

How to Install the Theme?

Theme purchased on a marketplace

  1. (Re)download the theme package ZIP folder from the marketplace where you've purchased the theme from.
  2. Log into your WordPress admin.
  3. In WordPress admin navigate to Appearance → Themes and click the [Add New] button next to "Themes" page title.
  4. On "Add Themes" screen click the [Upload Theme] button next to page title.
  5. On the next screen choose the theme ZIP package file you've downloaded in step 1 above and click the [Install Now] button.
  6. After the theme is installed, activate it by clicking the "Activate" link.
  7. Now you can go to Appearance → Welcome page for information on how to set up your website (and the theme). Also, please pay special attention to your website image sizes setup.

Free theme available via WordPress.org repository

  1. Log into your WordPress admin.
  2. In WordPress admin navigate to Appearance → Themes and click the [Add New] button next to "Themes" page title.
  3. On "Add Themes" screen use a search field to search for "Björk".
  4. Once you've found the theme in the search results list, click the [Install] button when hovering over the theme.
  5. After the theme is installed, activate it by clicking the "Activate" link.
  6. Now you can go to Appearance → Welcome page for information on how to set up your website (and the theme). Also, please pay special attention to your website image sizes setup.

Tip: Welcome page

After activating the theme, you can read the theme's welcome page navigating to Appearance → Welcome (you can disable this page in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Others).

Important: Subscribe for updates

It is strongly recommended to follow or subscribe to WebMan on Facebook or Twitter to get the most recent theme update notices as fast as possible.

You should always keep your WordPress, themes and plugins up to date!

Theme Update

How to Update the Theme?

You will be notified in the WordPress admin bar each time a new updated theme version is released. To install this updated theme version please follow the steps below.

IMPORTANT:

If there is a specific procedure required for the theme update, this will be clearly stated on the WebMan's Facebook and Twitter pages.

Back Up!

It is strongly recommended to back up your theme settings before you update the theme. This is only a precaution procedure and a good practice.

For backing up the theme (customizer) settings, please use the Customizer Export/Import plugin.

Automatic Theme Update

If none of these apply to you, you need to update the theme manually (see below).

Manual Theme Update

First you need to download the theme ZIP package from your marketplace.
  • Updating via WordPress dashboard

    A simple way of doing a manual theme update would be deleting and reinstalling the theme directly via WordPress dashboard. You can read an article or watch a video on how to do this.

  • Updating via FTP

    This is a more advanced manual theme update procedure and you will need an FTP client (such as FileZilla) to connect to your server:

    1. (Re)download the theme ZIP file from the marketplace where you've purchased the theme at and unpack the ZIP file on your computer.
    2. Now you will need an FTP client to connect to your server.
    3. On your server navigate to YOUR_WORDPRESS_INSTALLATION/wp-content/themes/ folder.
    4. Delete the existing bjork folder (or create a backup just in case).
    5. Copy the unpacked theme bjork folder from your computer (from step 1. above) to the YOUR_WORDPRESS_INSTALLATION/wp-content/themes/ on your server.
    6. Log into your WordPress admin area and check the version of the theme in Appearance » Themes. Your theme should be updated now.

Installing Plugins
Main recommended plugins | Other useful plugins

What are Plugins and Why Do I Need Them?

Do you ask why do you need to use plugins when you expected the theme to have all the functionality in it?

According to WordPress guidelines, the themes are meant for presentational purposes only, while plugins provide website functionality.

The reason is simple. When you decide to update your website look in the future, you simply change the theme without loosing your website content and additional functionality such as shortcodes, e-shop or forum functionality among others.

This theme follows this basic WordPress philosophy and you can sleep assured your website is as future-proof as possible!

While you get beautiful look for your website with this theme, it also supports and integrates seamlessly with various plugins. For more info please read on.

Installing Recommended Plugins

The theme uses the TGM Plugin Activation script that prompts you to install recommended plugins after you activate the theme. These are only recommended plugins to help you build more functional websites or ease your workflow, but the theme works perfectly fine even without them.

Plugins Compatibility

Other plugins than the recommended ones should work with the theme with no issues, though some might require additional tweaks to integrate them 100% with the theme (this is usually the case of more robust plugins such as e-shop or directory plugins).

Please understand that there are thousands of plugins available for WordPress and it is not possible for any theme developer to test the theme with all of them. Björk was tested with most of the popular plugins. You can install any custom plugin following the WordPress instructions (or following the plugin documentation).

In case of any plugin incompatibility or error, please, contact the plugin support first before contacting WebMan Design Support Center.

Bellow you'll find a list of plugins that were successfully tested with the theme and works with it without any conflicts:

Beaver Builder
(https://www.wpbeaverbuilder.com Pro, https://wordpress.org/plugins/beaver-builder-lite-version/ Free)

If you need a page builder plugin to create complex page layouts with ease with a front-end drag and drop editor, I highly recommend using the Beaver Builder plugin. The plugin is available both in free Lite version and payed Pro version. The theme is 100% compatible with this plugin.

For more info on the plugin please visit the Beaver Builder website where you can also find the instructional videos for this page builder plugin.

Additional resources

WooCommerce
(https://wordpress.org/plugins/woocommerce/, https://woocommerce.com)

WooCommerce is the world's most favorite eCommerce solution that allows you to sell anything, beautifully.

This theme is fully compatible with WooCommerce e-commerce plugin out of the box, so you can start selling immediately. Just install, activate and setup the plugin and you are ready to go!

Theme shop related options can be found in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Shop.

Additional resources
Tip: Dynamic WooCommerce page title with page builders

When using a page builder and hiding the default page title on a special WooCommerce pages (such as Cart, Checkout and My Account page), you loose the ability to adapt your custom page title to an actual page being displayed (such as when previewing orders on your "My Account" page, the page title should read "Orders" instead).

This theme resolves this issue by introducing a special %wc_title% placeholder you can use in page or page builder content to display a dynamic page title.

Jetpack
(https://wordpress.org/plugins/jetpack/)

This plugin was built by Automattic (the company behind the WordPress) and contains a lot of very useful tools for your website.

To choose some of the features included in this plugin: tiled galleries, image lightbox zooming effect, contact form, extra widgets, infinite scroll, better search, social networks sharing buttons, related posts display, CDN, site verification and others.

Please note that you will need to connect your Jetpack powered website once the plugin is active to use its features. For more info on the plugin usage and functionality please visit the Jetpack.me website.

This theme also supports advanced Jetpack features such as Portfolio and Testimonials content types and customizer content options (found under Appearance → Customize → Content Options).

Infinite scroll issue

If you are using Jetpack's Infinite Scroll feature and also using some post reordering plugin, you might experience a compatibility issue. Please note that such issue is related to plugins incompatibility, not a theme. Contact your plugin support for possible solution.

Envato Market
(http://envato.github.io/wp-envato-market/)

If you obtained the theme from ThemeForest, you can use this plugin for easy automatic theme updates.

Other Great Plugins Worth Checking Out

You can use any plugin with this theme. Here are some tested, used and recommended plugins by the theme author:

Archive Title
Remove archive page title labels completely, or just hide them accessibly.
Atomic Blocks
Great, easy to use content blocks library.
Breadcrumbs NavXT
With this plugin you can create a perfect breadcrumbs navigation. Read the instructions on custom plugin setup below.
Business Profile
Display your business's contact details with seo-friendly Schema.org markup.
Caldera Forms
A great form builder plugin for WordPress.
Classic Editor
In case you can not use WordPress 5+ block editor, you can restore the previous ("classic") editor with this plugin.
CoBlocks
Easy to use content blocks library.
Content Aware Sidebars
For creating unlimited number of widget areas (sidebars) and using them anywhere on the website.
Custom Post Type Editor
Allows you to rename any post type.
Customizer Export/Import
Perfect plugin for backing up your theme's customizer settings.
Disable Comments
Disables comments site-wide per post type.
Elementor Page Builder
Completely free frontend drag & drop page builder.
Imsanity
Automatically resizes huge image uploads.
Intuitive Custom Post Order
For easy posts ordering.
iThemes Security
A great plugin to keep your WordPress site secure.
My Eyes Are Up Here
Helps you control how WordPress generates thumbnails.
Nested Pages
Provides a drag & drop interface for managing pages and posts in the WordPress admin, while maintaining quick edit functionality.
Page Links To
Lets you make a WordPress page (or other content type) link to a custom URL of your choosing.
Polylang
Making your WordPress website multilingual. A great free alternative to paid WPML plugin.
Post Type Archive Descriptions
Allows you to add a description to post type archive pages.
Qubely
Full-fledged block toolkit with plenty of custom blocks, predefined sections and starter packs to create beautiful web pages.
Rename Taxonomies
Allows you to rename any taxonomy.
Smart Slider 3
Great free advanced, layered slider plugin.
Social Warfare
If you don't want to use Jeptack plugin's social sharing buttons, you may try using this great plugin.
Theme Check
Checks your themes against the latest WordPress theme review standards.
Widget CSS Classes
Add custom classes to your widgets.
The theme integrates its predefined CSS classes directly into the plugin's interface automatically. You can just select the predefined class from the dropdown when editing a widget in Appearance → Widgets.
As the theme uses CSS flexbox in its horizontal widgets areas you can control the width of the widget with `set-flex-grow-#` classes.
Wordfence Security
A great plugin to keep your WordPress site secure.
WP Featherlight
The best free image lightbox (zooming) plugin that just works!
WPForms
A great and easy to use drag & drop form builder for WordPress.

Installing Demo Content

Warning

  1. It is recommended to install the theme demo content into an empty, fresh WordPress site only. Otherwise it might mess up your existing content!
  2. Please note that the theme demo contains a lot of pages. You will certainly end up not using most of them. In that case it is highly recommended to delete the pages, posts, custom posts and media that you no longer need on your website. It improves your website SEO, speed and relevance.

Demo Images and Other Media Quality

Please understand that demo images, audio and video files are low quality due to copyright protection and you should replace them with your own, properly licensed images.

Demo Content Import Issues

Please note that there might occur some connection issues when downloading demo attachments (media files) from demo content servers during the demo content import process.

These, however, are just demo attachments (images, videos, audio files) and you are perfectly fine (actually, you should) replacing them with your own assets.

Other demo content (posts, pages and custom posts content) will be imported without any issues.

One-click Installation

For more info on automatic one-click demo content installation please read instructions in theme demo content GitHub repository.

Manual Installation

For detailed instructions regarding each demo content file installation and download, please visit the theme demo files repository at Github.

You can use this procedure in case the One-click Installation procedure fails. In that case it is recommended to delete (permanently) the imported media files from your media library and run the database reset with a plugin such as Advanced WordPress Reset.

Please check WordPress codex for information about manual demo XML file import issues.

Starter Content

This theme supports and contains its own WordPress starter content for easy and fast small website deployment.

The starter content is displayed in the theme customizer on clear WordPress installation only. Once you save the customizer settings, the starter content will be ported into your website automatically then.

If you have already created some posts or pages beforehand, you will not see the theme starter content in theme customizer.

Please note that this is only a very basic starter content suitable for small websites and if you want a more robust solution, install the full theme demo content instead.

Pages, Page Intro and Page Templates

Setting Up a Homepage and Blog Page

  1. In WordPress admin navigate to Appearance → Customize → Homepage Settings (or to Settings → Reading).
  2. For "Your homepage displays" option set "A static page (select below)".
  3. Select the homepage from dropdown list. This page will become your home/front page.
    Select the posts page from dropdown list. This page will become your blog page.

Page Excerpt

The theme adds support for excerpts also to WordPress pages. Page excerpt will be displayed in page intro section.

WordPress older then version 5:

If the "Excerpt" field is not displayed on a page edit screen, please enable it in the "Screen Options" tab in the upper right corner of the screen.

Page Intro Section

Page intro is basically a main title area of the page, post or archive page. By default it displays intro image, page title and page excerpt:

Page excerpt

Page Excerpt content depends on a page you are viewing.
If it is an actual WordPress Page or Post or any custom post type, you can set the "Excerpt" field.
On taxonomy archive pages it displays the taxonomy (such as post category or tag) term description which you can set for any/all taxonomy terms in WordPress.
If you want to display some description text for the custom post type archive pages too, you need to use a plugin for that.

Image

Intro image post/page featured image on singular pages. There is no intro image displayed on singular pages unless you actually set a featured image. Also, no image is displayed on archive pages. Furthermore you can control on which post types the featured image is displayed in theme options in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Others.

If you are using WooCommerce plugin, intro image is not displayed on single product pages even if you set a product featured image.

Page Templates and Post Templates

The theme contains these useful page/post templates you can use out of the box:

Content only

There is no header, no intro section, no H1 heading tag and no footer on this page template. This page template is suitable for creating custom landing pages.

No intro

Use this page template to remove the page intro title section (when you want to set up your own). Only the page content will be displayed.

Page builder

This is a special page/post template designed for use with any page builder plugin. You can specify the correct content area layout for this page/post template in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Page builders and tweak it for needs of your page builder plugin.

(Note that using this page template will remove the page intro area, just like "No intro" page template above, so you need to create page intro with your page builder then.)

If you are not using one of the popular page builder plugins, you might first need to enable this template in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Page builders.

Page Builder

The theme is fully compatible with the best front-end page builder plugin for WordPress, the Beaver Builder, which will help you create a complex page layouts with ease!

In case you'd like to use a different page builder plugin, feel free to do so! The theme will work with any page builder plugin you like.

Posts

Post Excerpt

Post excerpt will be displayed in posts list. If no excerpt is set, a portion of post content will take its place in posts list (if set, until <!--more--> tag).

If you set the "Read more" tag inside the post content and you also set a post excerpt, first the post excerpt followed with post content (until "Read More" tag) will be displayed in posts list.

WordPress older then version 5:

If the "Excerpt" field is not displayed on a post edit screen, please enable it in the "Screen Options" tab in the upper right corner of the screen.

Archive Title Prefix

By default WordPress adds some general caption, prefix to the archive page title, such as "Category:" in front of a category name on category archive page. You can disable these using Archive Title plugin.

WooCommerce Products

What Are They and How to Use Them?

Shop products are added to your website when you are using a WooCommerce e-commerce plugin.

You can sell anything on your website: physical goods, downloadable content, services or external/affiliate products.

Please refer to WooCommerce documentation for how to create and manage your online shop products.

This custom post type is provided via WooCommerce plugin.
Before using Beaver Builder (or other) page builder with this custom post type you need to enable it in your page builder's settings first.
Navigate to Settings → Page Builder → Post Types.
TIP: For custom posts order you can use a plugin, such as Intuitive Custom Post Order.

Jetpack Portfolio

What Are They and How to Use Them?

The Portfolio custom post type gives you an easy way to manage and showcase projects on your site.

First you will need to enable this post type in Jetpack plugin's options in Jetpack → Settings → Writing in order to use it.

For more information about Jetpack Portfolios please visit dedicated information page.

To display all portfolio projects on your site, you can use a portfolio archive page link in the navigation.

This custom post type is provided via Jetpack plugin.
Use Jetpack [portfolio] shortcode to display portfolio projects on your page or in your page builder layout.
Before using Beaver Builder (or other) page builder with this custom post type you need to enable it in your page builder's settings first.
Navigate to Settings → Page Builder → Post Types.
TIP: If you would like to point the post to a custom URL, try using a Page Links To plugin.
TIP: If you would like to rename this post type, use the Custom Post Type Editor plugin. To rename the custom taxonomies related to this post type, use the Rename Taxonomies plugin.
TIP: For custom posts order you can use a plugin, such as Intuitive Custom Post Order.

Jetpack Testimonials

What Are They and How to Use Them?

The Testimonial custom post type allows you to add, organize, and display your testimonials.

First you will need to enable this post type in Jetpack plugin's options in Jetpack → Settings → Writing in order to use it.

For more information about Jetpack Testimonials please visit dedicated information page.

To display all testimonials on your site, you can use a testimonials archive page link in the navigation.

This custom post type is provided via Jetpack plugin.
Use Jetpack [testimonials] shortcode to display testimonials on your page or in your page builder layout.
TIP: If you would like to rename this post type, use the Custom Post Type Editor plugin. To rename the custom taxonomies related to this post type, use the Rename Taxonomies plugin.
TIP: For custom posts order you can use a plugin, such as Intuitive Custom Post Order.

Using Navigational Menus

Björk supports WordPress Menus, so you can easily create custom navigational menus directly in Appearance → Menus.

Custom menus may contain links to pages, categories, custom links or other content types (use the "Screen Options" tab in upper right corner of the screen to decide which content types to show on the menu edit screen).

You can specify a different navigation label for a menu item as well as other attributes. The theme supports menu item description text. To display menus on website you need to assign them to a menu locations or use a Navigation Menu widget.

The theme allows you to create as many menus as you want. However these menus can be placed into predefined locations only. The theme defines these menu locations:

Primary
The main navigation area in the header of the website. Can be nested and hierarchically organized (up to 4 levels deep). This is mobile-ready main site navigation menu, but you can disable the mobile menu in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Others if needed. It is also a keyboard accessible navigation.
Social Links
Please read the "Social Links" documentation section below for more info.

Please follow the instructions in WordPress codex on how to create menus.

Helpful tutorial: WordPress video tutorials.

Tip:
Post type archive link

You can add any custom post type archive page link into the menu. Please see the image for the instructions »

Menu Item Icon

To set up menu icons please use a HTML directly in the menu "Navigation Label" such as <span class="icon-class" aria-hidden="true"></span> Menu label. Icons can be added to your website using a dedicated plugin.

Setting up a menu item icon

Adding Social Network Links and Icons

Social icons linked to your social network profiles can be displayed anywhere on the website. But beforehand you must create and set up a social links menu:

  1. Go to Appearance → Menus in the WordPress admin.
  2. Click create a new menu link.
  3. Give the menu a name, such as "Social Menu".
  4. Click [Create Menu] button.
  5. Click the Custom Links header on the left side of the page.
  6. Type a link (such as https://www.facebook.com/webmandesigneu) to one of your social profiles in the URL field.
  7. Give the link a title by typing the name of the service into the Link Text field.
  8. Click [Add to Menu].
  9. Repeat the above steps to add additional social profiles.
  10. In the Menu Settings section at the bottom, check the "Social Links" box for Theme locations.
  11. Click [Save Menu] button.

Adding your social links as a custom menu allows you to sort your profiles and add as many as you want.

The theme displays icons as SVG images. For full list of supported icons please refer to assets/images/svg folder of your theme.

For links starting with mailto: an envelope icon is applied. For unrecognized links a link chain icon is used.

Feel free to use a WordPress native Navigation Menu widget to display social menu anywhere on your website.

Using Navigation Menu widget to display social network icons

Social sharing buttons

If you want to add a social sharing buttons to your website to allow your visitors to share your content, please consider enabling the Sharing module of Jetpack plugin.

Widget Areas and Widgets

Predefined Widget Areas

The content of widget areas can be customized in Appearance → Customize → Widgets or Appearance → Widgets. The theme predefines these widget areas:

Footer Widgets
Displays widgets in footer area of the website. This is actually your main footer section.
Shop Sidebar
(A WooCommerce specific widget area.) This widget area is displayed on shop page and product archive pages. If there are no widgets in this sidebar, it won't be displayed and shop page will take the full width.
Product
(A WooCommerce specific widget area.) This widget area is displayed on single product page.

Custom sidebars & website layout control

You can create a custom widget areas (sidebars) and use them anywhere on the website with a help of Content Aware Sidebars plugin.

That way you can control even displaying of the sidebar, effectively altering the page layout - limitless options, great flexibility!

Widgets

This theme enhances some native WordPress widgets with custom functionality and/or layout:

"Recent Posts" Widget

The theme restyles the display of the post date to special, more pleasing format. To preview this change you need to enable the "Display post date?" widget option.

The theme also adds an option to narrow the posts display by specific category.

"Text" Widget

The theme allows you to set a custom widget icon and widget featured image. You can then use a "Text" widget to display a service or a feature in any widgetized area.

To enable the custom icon functionality you also need some plugin that will load the icons to your website first. You can use any plugin for this, such as Font Awesome plugin. Then just set up the correct icon CSS class (get those from the Font Awesome website, for example) into the widget's "Set icon CSS class" option field and the icon will be displayed correctly.

If you don't use any icons plugin and no icons are loaded on your website, the fallback ? (question mark) will be displayed instead of the unrecognized icon (if the widget's "Set icon CSS class" option field is set).

Customizer

What is Customizer and How to Use It

The theme seamlessly integrates its options into the WordPress Customizer.

You can access it navigating to Appearance → Customize. All the changes you make in Customizer will be immediately displayed in the theme preview. However, these changes will not be saved until you press the [Publish] button.

You can set up your site's title, tagline and logo, header images, manage navigational menus and widget areas, set up a homepage and blog page, theme colors, layout, predefined texts and typography.

All the custom theme options can be found under Appearance → Customize → Theme Options section.

Search Engine Optimization and Traffic Tracking

Search Engine Optimization

The theme is coded semantically, with best SEO practices in mind, meaning it is ready to be displayed on top of search results in search engines such as Google.

Please note though, that this is just a basic SEO optimization and you will have to push it further to make the real deal with SEO. For such cases I recommend using Yoast SEO plugin.

You can furthermore integrate support for Schema JSON-LD microformats using a plugin such as Schema. (Note that WooCommerce plugin already contains Schema microformats for its products.)

Traffic Tracking

I recommend using Google Analytics by MonsterInsights plugin as it offers advanced customization of tracking of you website.

You can also consider using Jetpack plugin's Stats module instead.

Localization

TIP: How to Install WordPress in Other Languages »

Every WordPress theme contains some texts that need to be translated into your language if you are building a non-English website. This theme if fully translation ready (and supports even Right-To-Left languages) and is also translated into multiple languages out of the box. (For reference of pre-packed language packs please check the list of translation files within bjork/languages folder of the theme.)

To enable your language on your website, please switch WordPress into the desired language localization.

How to Translate the Theme?

Translating using Poedit

  1. Make a copy of the original bjork/languages/bjork.pot file.

  2. You need to rename the copied file now: add hyphen followed with your language code locale, and change file extension to "po". So, the British English file would be named bjork-en_GB.po.

  3. Use Poedit to translate the file and export (save) translation in "mo" file format.

  4. Upload translated bjork-en_GB.mo file into your WordPress languages directory, into themes folder (such as /wp-content/languages/themes/bjork-en_GB.mo - if the themes folder does not exist in your WordPress languages directory, create it).

    REMINDER: When you update the theme, all custom translation files will be deleted from /wp-content/themes/bjork/languages folder. Do not place your custom translation files into that folder!

Translating directly in your WordPress dashboard

If you would like translate the theme directly in your WordPress dashboard you need to use a specialized plugin for that. Please install and activate Loco Translate plugin. For instructions on how to use the plugin please refer to beginner's guide and/or technical overview.

Don't forget to translate your plugins too!

WordPress website is built from WordPress system itself, a theme and plugin(s). There is a very high probability that WordPress system is already translated into your language, so, you don't have to do it on your own. You have also learned how to translate the theme into your language above. But what about plugins and their texts?

If you are lucky, your plugin contains your language localization files already and you don't have to do anything. But if you need to translate the plugin into your language, the best advice is to check the plugin's documentation for instructions (you can check the instructions for WebMan Amplifier plugin localization procedure).

Alternatively you can also use Loco Translate plugin (again) to translate your plugins directly in your WordPress dashboard.

Free WordPress.org themes translation

If you have obtained the theme from WordPress.org themes repository, please translate the theme by clicking the Translate Björk link in theme page sidebar.

Help us translate the theme :)

If you would like to help out translating the theme, please contribute on WebMan Design Support Center.
If you have translated the theme at WordPress.org repository, you don't have to do anything :)

Accessibility

What is accessibility

Accessibility in web design means creating web pages that everyone can use, regardless of hardware, software, or any sensory or physical impairment.

While this is a complex process that includes a website content strategy, the Björk theme helps you with being accessibility ready. It complies to and surpasses the WordPress accessibility requirements and was built to pass the WCAG 2.1 level AA and Section 508 requirements.

The theme itself contains and applies proper headings structure, uses ARIA landmark roles and attributes, adds informative "read more" links, keyboard accessible navigation (applied also on mobile navigation), skip links, the default color scheme complies to WCAG 2.1 level AA color contrast ratio, and others.

Please note that to make your website fully accessible, you need to apply accessibility guidelines also to your website content. For further information please read WordPress Codex on accessibility.

Focus on Readability

The single post page (and the actual default page layout) was designed very carefully to provide the best reading experience for your visitors. The maximum line width is around 70 characters with properly set line height and spacing around elements to provide great readability of your content.

Accessibility compliant headings structure

To comply to best accessibility guidelines, the theme follows this headings structure:

Only one h1 on the page

The theme outputs only one first-level heading (HTML tag <h1>) on each page. This is set up for the main page/post/archive title in the main content area of the page.

Please read more about exception when using "No intro" page template.

Site title heading

Page's HTML body title (the site title set in Settings → General) is outputted with p tag, leaving the h1 size for the main page/post/archive title in the actual website main content area.

Headings hierarchy

The theme follows the best practice by hierarchically organizing heading levels, not skipping any of them. For example, h3 headings can be found only in a section titled with level h2 heading (and not h1). This rule is applied also in the theme demo content and you should do the same in your website content too.

In case you would like to test your website headings hierarchy, there is a great Chrome browser extension for this called HeadingsMap.

Decorative headings

You should never use heading levels to style the text for decorative purposes! In case this is required, please use helper CSS classes such as .h1, .h2, .h3 to override any HTML heading or paragraph default styling.

Theme Modifications and Child Theme Download a sample child theme

Important:

Please note that we do not provide support for custom theme modifications!

You are responsible for all the changes you apply to the theme on your website.

If you don't feel comfortable enough coding, please, consider hiring someone who could help.

When and How to Use a Child Theme?

If you need to make any styling or functional changes to the theme, please use the WordPress native child theme functionality. This way you can continue updating the parent (original) Björk theme without any worry of your changes being overwritten as all your custom styles and functionality are kept in a child theme. You can read more about child themes on WordPress Codex pages.

You can put all your custom CSS styles into YOUR_CHILD_THEME/style.css file. (You can alternatively use Appearance → Customize → Additional CSS for that.)

If you also want to change the functionality of the original Björk theme, do so in YOUR_CHILD_THEME/functions.php file. You can freely modify any theme function or class method there by hooking onto the specific "pre" filter or unhooking the function altogether (see below for how to use filter and action hooks).

How to use action and filter hooks?

This topic is dedicated to WordPress developers who would like to modify the theme and alter or expand its functionality.
Please note that we do not provide support for custom theme modifications, though.

The theme is coded according to WordPress coding standards and is full of action and filter hooks. You can easily hook onto these to alter functions outputs (or even short-circuit the whole functions) or alter parameters and variables, to add your own meta data, theme or design options, layouts and much more!

Please check the theme's source code for which hook to use(you can simply search for "do_action(" or "apply_filters(", respectively), or contact WebMan Design Support Center for more details and tips.

Björk theme also uses the Theme Hook Alliance hooks too. This is useful to entirely rebuild the theme structure or add your own sections anywhere in the theme. The whole theme front-end structure setup can be found in files inside the bjork/includes/frontend folder.

You can also watch an instructional video on how to use WordPress hooks.

To show all theme hooks you may try using Simply Show Hooks plugin or WP Inspect plugin.

FAQ and Tips and Tricks Frequently Asked Questions and Additional tips for the theme

List of Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. How to use any page builder plugin?
  2. How to restyle elements with ease? Using special predefined CSS classes.
  3. How to set up cookies notification?
  4. How to customize error 404 page?
  5. How to customize WordPress admin?
  6. How to set up breadcrumbs?
  7. My images are blurry/small/of bad quality, what can I do?
  8. How to speed up the website?
  9. How to edit CSS or add your own?

How to use any page builder plugin? Back to FAQ list ↑

The theme is compatible with Beaver Builder page builder plugin. It works wonderfully with this most powerful and easy to use page builder.

The theme was also tested and is working perfectly fine with other popular page builders and should be compatible with any decently coded page builder plugin.

To ensure layout compatibility the theme offers a convenient "Page builder" page template to prepare the page/post content area layout for use with your page builder.

Can I use page builder with any post type?

To use a page builder on posts or custom post types, you will probably need to enable those post types in your page builder plugin settings first. This is different with every plugin and you should find the information in your plugin's documentation.

With Beaver Builder you can set these in Settings → Page Builder → Post Types.

How to restyle elements with ease? Using special predefined CSS classes. Back to FAQ list ↑

Yes, this theme predefines some useful CSS classes for you so you can use them in the block editor, in your page builder, or directly in the HTML. These custom special CSS classes will modify the appearance of your website elements.

For full, up-to-date list of these classes and instructions on how to use them, please, refer to the "Helper CSS classes" page on the theme demo website.

List of CSS classes you can use »

How to set up cookies notification? Back to FAQ list ↑

Every European website has to conform European Union guidelines on privacy and data protection and inform users about cookies being set by the website. There are multiple ways to go about this with WordPress, you can use a plugin for that, or set a notification with Cookie Consent by Insites script (there is also a plugin for this script).

How to customize error 404 page? Back to FAQ list ↑

In case you would like to customize the theme's error 404 page and you do not want to touch a line of code, you can do so easily with a help of a 404page plugin.

How to customize WordPress admin? Back to FAQ list ↑

If you are building a website for a client using WordPress (and Björk theme), you might want to adapt the WordPress admin area a bit to remove unnecessary things and maybe even rename some post types. In this case we provide some useful resources you would want to check out:

The theme supports Breadcrumb NavXT plugin that allows very flexible set up and display of breadcrumbs navigation on your website. After you install and activate the plugin, the theme displays the breadcrumbs navigation in preset location (you can change this in Appearance → Customize → Theme Options → Layout).

If you would like to display breadcrumbs navigation the same way it is displayed on the theme demo website, please use these settings (feel free to set up all the other breadcrumbs settings to your needs):

Settings → Breadcrumb NavXT → General → "Breadcrumbs Separator"
Set to <span class="sep"> / </span>.
Settings → Breadcrumb NavXT → General → "Home Template"
Settings → Breadcrumb NavXT → General → "Home Template (Unlinked)"
Prepend the existing text with <a href="#page" class="back-to-top animated">Back to top ↑</a> <span class="breadcrumbs-title">You are here: </span>....
The "Back to top" link above will only be displayed in breadcrumbs navigation below the page/post content.

My images are blurry/small/of bad quality, what can I do? Back to FAQ list ↑

For the information about what image sizes are declared in the theme and how you should set up the WordPress native image sizes, please navigate to Settings → Media and read the "Recommended image sizes" section.

WordPress will rescale and crop the images to selected formats automatically during the image upload process. If you already have some images on your website, these need to be rescaled when using the theme. Please use a plugin such as Force Regenerate Thumbnails to do the rescaling for you.

Blurred images

To prevent blurred images, please make sure you upload images of minimal recommended size (see "Recommended image sizes" section on Settings → Media WordPress admin page).

Image file size

It is recommended to use the Imsanity plugin to keep the sane size of the uploaded images on your server automatically.

Set the plugin to your (boxed) website container width (you can tweak this in theme customizer) and lower the image quality to value of 70 (or to your preference).

"Lightbox" image zooming

If you would like to use a lightbox effect (image zooming), try using great WP Featherlight plugin.

Website speed and performance

To speed up the website loading time consider using a CDN on your images. You can try Jetpack's Photon or CloudFlare (or any other CDN).

How to speed up the website? Back to FAQ list ↑

Having a performant, speedy website is a must in todays world. It makes your website more SEO friendly and most importantly pleasing for your visitors. This theme was coded with performance in mind, however, speeding up a website is a complex process that requires some further steps:

  • Use a good hosting

    Having a good host for your website is one of the most important steps you can make towards a speedy website. It should support PHP7 as that alone speeds up your website tremendously. Depending on your location it is also good to use a host that has servers in your country or on the same continent, at least. We recommend using Siteground, WP Engine, Pagely or WordPress.com Business plan. You can also check out WordPress hosting recommendation page.

  • Optimize your images, video, audio files

    You should always keep the file size of your images, video, audio and other asset files on your website as low as possible. We suggest preparing the images before you upload them to your website: compress them, reduce the dimensions (maybe even crop them). You can also use plugins to keep your image sizes down: Imsanity and WP Smush Image Optimizer, for example.

    In case of video and audio files set the optimal compression and formats before uploading them to your website. Maybe even consider using a 3rd party services such as Vimeo, YouTube and SoundCloud to host your video and audio files off your servers.

    Also consider using a CDN service such as CloudFlare.

  • Enable caching

    We recommend at least enabling the basic browser caching and GZIP compression of your website. However, you get better results using a dedicated caching solution such as WP Rocket (or try other WordPress caching plugin, like WP Super Cache).

    Your hosting provider may actually provide you with a caching solution built directly into the hosting service. Check this with your hosting provider.

    With your caching solution you should also be able to set up a CSS and JavaScript files combining and minification. As minification is a complex process that might cause JavaScript errors on your website we recommend to test it thoroughly and always checking the results before live deploying.

For measuring your website performance and tips on how to improve it try using GTmetrix, Pingdom Tools and WebPageTest.

How to edit CSS or add your own? Back to FAQ list ↑

If you need to apply a custom CSS to override the theme styles you can add your custom CSS into Appearance → Customize → Additional CSS.

Alternatively use a child theme.

Sources and Credits